Your Rights

Due Process

Due Process refers to procedures that, by law, are used to ensure your child with a disability’s rights to a Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) and your rights to be involved and have a full understanding of that process. Due process assures that you have:

The Right to Be Fully Informed

You must be notified, in your preferred language or mode of communication, of your rights in the educational decision-making process. There are times when you will be asked to provide your consent. Providing consent means that you:

  • Have been fully informed about the action for which you are giving consent
  • Understand and agree in writing to that action and that the notification includes what, if any, records will be released and to whom.

Translation and Interpretation for Parents

Please speak with your IEP team if you would like an interpreter at your child's IEP meeting, or if you would like a translation of your child's IEP, assessments, or notices.


Consent is voluntary on your part and you may withdraw your consent at any time. Your withdrawal of consent does not undo an action that has occurred after you gave your consent and before you withdrew it.

The Right to Participate

You have the right to take part in decision-making through attendance at meetings and other involvement where you can share your point of view. This includes your right to:

  • Bring other people to meetings who have knowledge or special expertise regarding your child.
  • Have meetings scheduled at a time that works for everyone- especially you.
  • Have an interpreter, if you need one. Just inform the IEP team. At your request, an interpreter will be provided.

The Right to Challenge

You have the right to challenge school decisions made regarding your child. You can request:


A mediator helps you and the school work out disagreements about your child’s education plan.

Impartial Hearing

An impartial hearing officer listens to both sides of the disagreement and decides what, if anything, went wrong and how to fix it. Find out more at our Impartial Hearings page.

The Right to Appeal

  • You have the right to appeal the decision of an Impartial Hearing Officer. This appeal is made to the NY State Review Officer.
  • You can also ask for the court to review the State Review Officer’s decision.
  • You may also oppose appeals made by the DOE.

The Right to Have a Parent Member at the IEP Meeting

You have the right to request a certified Parent Member attend the IEP meeting. You have to ask for it at least 72 hours before the scheduled date of the IEP Meeting.

For more information, read the Procedural Safeguards notice: